New York – International accords on saving vulnerable forests are having little impact because they do not attack the core causes such as growing demand for biofuels and food crops, a new report said on Sunday.
With Africa and South American alone losing 7.4 million hectares of forest a year, the International Union of Forest Research Organisations (Iufro) said a drastic change of policy is needed by the UN and governments.
Sixty international experts said in the report, to be presented at a UN forum this week, that too much attention is being put on forests as a store of carbon dioxide, the main gas blamed for global warming.
Deforestation accounts for about a quarter of the global greenhouse gas emissions each year which are blamed for rising temperatures. Live trees act as a sponge for carbon but give it off when they decay or are burned.
“Our findings suggest that disregarding the impact on forests of sectors such as agriculture and energy will doom any new international efforts whose goal is to conserve forests and slow climate change,” said Jeremy Rayner of the University of Saskatchewan and chair of the Iufro report panel.
Even the most recent UN backed initiative, Reducing Deforestation in Developing countries (Redd) is criticised because the panel said it seeks a single global solution.
The experts said that Redd and other international accords should focus more on supporting regional and national efforts to save the forests at risk.
“Unless all sectors work together to address the impact of global consumption, including growing demand for food and biofuels, and problems of land scarcity, Redd will fail to arrest environmental degradation and will heighten poverty,” said Constance McDermott of Oxford University’s Environmental Change Institute.
The experts praised initiatives in Asia and Europe which they said should be copied elsewhere.
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) has developed a regional standard for monitoring illegal logging and also set up a special system for forest-related research.
“The hope is that such a process will allow decision-makers to learn from the mistakes of the past,” said the Iufro report.
Among other “bright spots”, Iufro pointed to a US law which makes it illegal to import wood known to come from stolen timber.
The EU is making a similar effort to halt illegal wood imports through “due diligence” investigations, which has led to partnerships with major exporters such as Cameroon.
Brazil, long the target of an international campaign to reverse its forest destruction, has enacted new environmental and policy reforms that have the potential to slow forest loss in the Amazon Basin, Iufro said.
The report is to be presented to the UN Forum on Forests this week as part of the launch of the International Year of Forests.